How To Replace Your Existing Lawn with Artificial Grass
Before you start, do you have the right tools:
- Sod cutter or flat head spade
- Level or straight edge – 48” or more
- Leveling rake
- Edger or Bender Board – if using
- Vibrating compactor and hand tamper
- 6” Spiral Galvanized nails – 1 nail placed every 10” around perimeter of lawn
- Seam Tape and adhesive – if needed
- Power Broom or stiff hand broom
- Artificial Turf
Tip: Roll out your artificial grass in the sun prior to installation. Heat helps raise the turf blades.
Step 1: You can rent a Sod Cutter to remove your lawn or use a shovel to excavate your soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches from the height of the sidewalk, driveway or any area you want your new lawn to be level with. This would be the time to build up the area if it is sitting low.
Step 2: Where there is not an edge to butt the grass up to, use some treated wooden ties securing them with 2′ rebar 1/2" diameter is recommended. You can also install PVC edger. Alternatively create a concrete block edge to establish a frame around the area to be covered with artificial grass.This will create a boundary around the perimeter so the base prep remains stable.
Step 3: Back fill your excavated area using a rock sand base like construction sand, sechelt or road base. Your base must allow drainage and be able to become a hard core surface. Use the following guide to determine how much base material you will need.
Step 4: When filling in your base material add 2 inches then compact it using a heavy roller or compacter plate. A hand tamper can be used in hard-to-get areas like corners. The area needs to be porous, but firm. We recommend renting a vibrating tamper machine to ensure the area is firmly compacted. Top off the remaining fill and repeat the compacting process.
Tip – To level the area use a wooden 2″ x 4″ by 6 feet, sliding the bar left and right pulling towards you across the surface. You can also use a wide levelling rake, which can be rented.
Step 5: If you have pets, it is recommended that you use a pet deoderizer which helps breakdown pet urine, reducing smells, keeping your artificial grass smelling fresh. You can double up your protection by adding a skim coat onto the base. Add the pet deodorizer on the surface of the artificial grass as well.
Step 6: Unroll your fresh, new artificial lawn over the base prep. Start to anchor the turf from one corner outward. Always make sure you check the pile direction of your artificial lawn. Try laying your lawn in the opposite direction to check the shade from one angle to the next. You may find you like the way your new artificial lawn lays when you turn it around. Always check this before making those final close fitting edge cuts.
Step 7: Anchor your artificial lawn to the ground around the edges with 6 inch galvanized spiral nails. These should be nailed in approximately every 10 to 12 inches or about a hammer length apart. When putting in the nails, separate the grass blades so you are nailing directly onto the backing. Don’t over-hammer the nail as this will cause indents. The thickness of the pile will hide the head of the nails.
Step 8: Spread pet deodorizer infill on top of your turf area (if you have pets) and brush it in with a push broom.
Step 9: For best results, rent a power broom and brush against the yarn. Rent a power broom from FG Artificial Suppliers – call to us to arrange a rental 604-430-5296.
Maintain your new artificial turf by following the step in this PDF.
How to Install on Decks and Balconies
Step 1: Your Artificial Grass can easily be installed onto any existing concrete or hard and smooth surface, as long as it drains well including previously decked areas. If your area is exposed to the weather it is recommended that you also install drain matting under your turf. Drain mat channels the water out and allows air flow under your turf, allowing your turf to dry faster.
Step 2: Remove any debris from the area you wish to cover.
Step 3: Lay your Artificial Grass onto the area. If you are using drain mat, put the drain mat down first. Do not put the drain mat right up to the edges as you need about 2 to 3 inches to apply adhesive to your artificial grass.
Step 4: Stretch out your Artificial Lawn to remove any ripples, either directly over the concrete or on top of the drain mat.
Step 5: Fix around the perimeter using the Heavy Duty Construction Adhesive or indoor outdoor double sided tape trimming each edge with a Trimming Knife.
Step 6: Once you’re happy with the results, brush pile with a stiff broom, fan rake or Shop Vac.
How to Join Your Artificial Grass Using Fiber Seam Tape and Heavy Duty Construction Adhesive
Tip: Seam tape isn’t always necessary to join 2 pieces of grass together.
Step 1: The most important thing to ensure when joining two or more pieces of artificial grass, is that the pile runs in the same direction.
Step 2: Cut one of the connecting pieces against the stitch line (ribbed line on under side of turf). The other connecting side should also be cut along the stitch line but still have the lip.
Step 3: Line the two pieces together so there is a small 1/16” gap and anchor them by putting temporary nails about 12 inches away from the seam. Now fold away both pieces far enough to allow you to lay the seam tape on the ground directly up the centre of the join.
Step 4: Also anchor the seam tape with nails to it doesn’t move.
Step 5: Apply a thick coating of Heavy Duty Construction Adhesive along the seam tape in a zig zag line. Using a spreader, spread the adhesive onto the seam tape evenly.
Step 6: Fold down side of the Artificial Grass onto half of the glued seam tape, then repeat this process on the other side. Always ensure that your two Artificial Grass pieces butt up together all the way up the joining seam.
Step 7: Firmly press along the length of the seam to ensure the adhesive sticks. Anchor the glued seam with 6” galvanized nails, on each side in an offset pattern.
Step 8: Once you’re happy with the results, brush pile with a stiff broom or power broom
Remember, seaming takes time and skill to do it right. The ultimate goal is make the whole area look like one piece of grass.
The warmer and sunnier the weather the quicker your grass will settle and creases will become less and less obvious – this process will take time. Once settled carefully cut the boundary with a sharp trimming knife.
Creases – Due to the molecular structure of the material artificial grass does sometimes crease when rolled. Creases will fall out. The grass is not classed as faulty if delivered or installed with creases. The grass will de-crease quite noticeably on a daily basis, especially in warmer weather conditions. If you are installing in cooler temperatures it may take longer for the crease to dissipate – until warmer temperatures occur.